Innovations and Turning Points

Toward A History of Kavya Literaure

Price: 1650.00 INR

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ISBN:

9780199453559

Publication date:

03/11/2014

Hardback

824 pages

247.0x175.0mm

Price: 1650.00 INR

We sell our titles through other companies
Disclaimer :You will be redirected to a third party website.The sole responsibility of supplies, condition of the product, availability of stock, date of delivery, mode of payment will be as promised by the said third party only. Prices and specifications may vary from the OUP India site.

ISBN:

9780199453559

Publication date:

03/11/2014

Hardback

824 pages

247.0x175.0mm

Gary Tubb, Yigal Bronner & David Shulman

This volume is the first attempt to offer a panoramic historical overview of South Asian classical poetry, especially in Sanskrit. Many of the essays in this volume are the first serious studies of the great masterpieces of South Asian literature. Moreover, the book as a whole captures the millennium-long developmental logic of this literature by identifying a series of critical moments of breakthrough and innovation, allowing the tradition to reinvent itself. 

Suitable for: This book will be of considerable interest to scholars and students of South Asian history, literary studies, cultural studies, and religious history.   

Rights:  World Rights

Gary Tubb, Yigal Bronner & David Shulman

Description

With a panoramic overview of South Asian classical literature, this book identifies critical moments of breakthrough and innovation in Sanskrit literature—moments when the basic rules of composition and the aesthetic and poetic goals underwent dramatic change. It contests the still prevalent notion that Sanskrit poetry was impervious to change and that it underwent decline after a supposed acme in the period of Kalidasa. The essays in this volume focus on extended moments of brilliant innovation within the kavya tradition, including the new poetic models put in place by Bharavi and Magha, the revolutionary period in Kannauj linked to Ba?a, his predecessors and his great successors, and the transformative work of poets of genius such as Bilha?a, Srihar?a, Rajasekhara, and Murari. It also examines the origins of kavya and the creative experiments with its forms and practices in early modern Hindi and, beyond the subcontinent, in Java and Tibet. 

Gary Tubb, Yigal Bronner & David Shulman

Table of contents

Acknowledgements 
I. Introduction 
by Yigal Bronner, David Shulman, and Gary Tubb
1. A. Asti kascid vag-vises.ah.
B. Awareness of Change 
C. What Is New about This Book 
II. Kalidasa and Early Classicism 
2. Waking Aja 
by David Shulman
A. Theme as Frame 
B. The Rhythms of Emptying 
C. On Repetition 
D. How Time Moves 
3. Baking Uma 
by Gary Tubb
A. Patterns of Innovation in the Mahakavya 
B. Kalidasa and Asvaghos.a: Common Origins and Contrasting Visions 
C. Prevailing Images in Kalidasa's Vision of Purity and Power 
4. On Beginnings: Introductions and Prefaces in Kavya
by Herman Tieken
A. Introduction 
B. Types of Beginnings 
C. The Storyteller in the Text and His Relationship to the External Author 
D. The Significance of the Absence of a Introduction in Mahakavya 
E. Kavya and Epic 
F. The Scribes' Background 
G. The Proliferation of Genres within the Kavya Tradition
H. The Preface 
I. Epilogue
III. The Developing Mahakavya
5. Pace and Pattern in the Kiratarjuniya 
by Peter Khoroche
A. Bharavi's Originality
B. Changes of Pace in Narration and Description
C. Characteristics of Bharavi's Style 
D. The Subject of the Poem 
6. The Conquest of Cool: Theology and Aesthetics in
Magha's Sisupalavadha 
by Lawrence McCrea
A. The Poetics of Inaction 
B. The Ideal of Emotional Restraint 
C. Literary Techniques and Aesthetic Objectives 
D. Conclusion 
7. Kavya with Bells On: Yamaka in the Sisupalavadha 
by Gary Tubb
A. Magha of the Bells 
B. Yamaka and the Problem of Citra 
C. Yamaka in the Mahakavya 
D. Magha's Yamakas 
E. Conclusion 
8. A Constant Flow of Pilgrims: Kavya and
the Early History of the Kakawin 
by Thomas M. Hunter
A. Introduction 
B. The Historical Setting 
C. The Glories of Temple Architecture and the
Metrical Inscription of 856 CE 
D. The Prehistory of the Kakawin 
E. Sabdala?kara in the Metrical Inscription of
856 CE and the Bha??ikavya 
F. Yamaka in the OJR: The Problem of Univocality 
G. Yamaka in the OJR: The Aesthetic Effects of
Doubling and Repetition 
H. Bha??i's Arthala?kara and the OJR 
IV. The Masters of Prose 
9. The Nail-Mark That Lit the Bedroom:
Biography of a Compound 
by Yigal Bronner
A. Introduction 
B. The Sanskrit Compound and the Problems
of Translation 
C. Score and Structure 
D. Sanskrit Compounds and the Ecosystem of Love 
E. Center and Periphery: Female Subjects and the Forces of Nature 
F. Conclusion 
10. Ba?a's Death in the Kadambari 
by Herman Tieken
A. Introduction 
B. His Father's Voice 
C. Speaking of Death 
D. Fathers and Sons 
E. Breaking the Rules of the Genre 
F. Ba?a's Genealogy 
G. Ba?a's Trademark 
H. Inventing One's Own Death 
11. Persons Compounded and Confounded:
A Reading of Ba?a's Kadambari 
by David Shulman
A. Introducing Kadambari 
B. Who's Who 
C. Sources, Models, Telos 
D. The Yoga of Syntax 
E. What Words Can Do 
F. I'm Still Me 
G. Disjunction as Resolution 
H. Conclusion 
12. On the Boldness of Ba?a 
by Gary Tubb
A. Ba?a's Benedictory Verses 
B. Anthology Verses: The Moonlight Sequence 
C. Verse Sequence: The Poor Traveler in Winter 
V. The Sons of Ba?a 
13. Something New in the Air: Abhinanda's Ramacarita and Its Ancestry
by Gary Tubb
A. Poetic Pedigrees 
B. Anthology Verses 
C. Abhinanda's Mahakavya 
D. Abhinanda's Meta-comments 
E. Conclusion 392
14. The Plays of Bhavabhuti 
by Gary Tubb
A. Bhavabhuti's Distinctive Use of Language
B. Constructive Progress in the Sequence of the Plays
C. The Intermingling of Aesthetic Theory and Emotional Description 
15. The Poetics of Perspective in Rajasekhara's
Young Ramaya?a
by Lawrence McCrea
A. The Centrality of Rava?a 
B. Spectacles and Spectators 
C. The View from Below
D. The View from Above 
16. Murari's Depths
by David Shulman
A. Introducing the Anargharaghava 
B. Polishing the Sun 
C. A Poet's Craft 
D. Moon-struck Rama 
E. A Kinematic Spectrum and the Murari Twist 
F. Conclusion 
VI. Poets of the New Millennium 
17. The Poetics of Ambivalence: Imagining and Unimagining
the Political in Bilha?a's Vikrama?kadevacarita 
by Yigal Bronner
A. Introduction: The Place of a Poet 
B. Setting the Right(?) Tone: Bilha?a's Introductory
Appeal to His Audiences 
C. On Thickening: Imagining the Political in the VDC
D. On Thinning: Unimagining the Political in the VDC
E. On Ambivalence: Bilha?a's Poetic Stance 
F. Afterlives and Afterthoughts: Bilha?a's Posthumous Career and Its Lessons 
18. Putting the Polish on the Poet's Efforts: Reading the
Kar?asundari as a Reflection on Poetic Creativity 
by Phyllis Granoff
A. The Play: Reading Beyond the Plot 
B. Creating the New and Improbable: The Poet's Task in the Kar?asundari 
C. Conclusion 
19. Shadows 
by Charles Malamoud
A. Chaya 
B. Se?a and Sle?a 
C. The King, the Earth, and the Cardinal Regions 
D. Sarasvati and Damayanti's Wisdom
E. Love's Shadow
20. Indian Kavya Poetry on the Far Side of the Himalayas: Translation, Transmission, Adaptation, Originality 
by Dan Martin
A. Introduction 
B. Early Kavya in Tibet: The Evidence of the Stotras 
C. Local Tibetan Poetry 
D. Kavya 's Tibetan Naturalization 
VII. Regional Kavyas 
21. Sakalya Malla's Telangana Ramaya?a : The Udararaghava 
by David Shulman
A. Spreading the News 
B. Poet and Wrestler
C. Telangana Sanskrit 
D. Playing with Aspect and Mode 
E. Radical Retelling 
22. The Classical Past in the Mughal Present:
The Brajbhasha Riti Tradition 
by Allison Busch
A. Literary Newness in Dialogue with Tradition 
B. New Directions in Indian Kavya : the Mancarit of Narottam Kavi 
C. The Self-presentation of the Orchha Court in
the Virsim. hdevcarit of Kesavdas 
D. Being Sub-imperial: Multilayered Cultural Identity in the Lalitlalam of Matiram Tripat?i 
E. Conclusion 
23. Poetry and Play in Kavikar?apura's Play Within the Play 
by Gary Tubb
A. Playing with Sounds: The Role of Yamakas 
B. Th e Renunciation of Yamakas 
C. Playing with Identities: The Role of Roleplayings
24. Modernity in Sanskrit? Viswanatha Satyanarayana's
Am?ta-sarmi??ham 
by Velcheru Narayana Rao
A. Viswanatha Satyanarayana: An Introduction 
B. Am?ta-sarmi??ham  : A Close Reading 
C. Modernity in Am?ta-sarmi??ham  
D. Minor Characters in the Play 
E. Sanskrit Drama in Performance 
25. A Distant Mirror: Innovation and Change in
the East Javanese Kakawin 
by Thomas M. Hunter
A. Introduction 
B. Not Vakrokti 
C. Processions: A Thematic Link between Asvagho?a, Kalidasa, and the Kakawin Poets 
D. Airlangga and the Dawn of the Classical Kakawin Style 
E. The East Javanese Figural Tradition 1: Mpu Ka?wa and
the Development of Techniques of Suggestion in
the East Javanese Kakawin 
F. The East Javanese Figural Tradition II: The Question of Rasa and the Bha?a Kakawin Form of the Lyrical Verse
G. The East Javanese Figural Tradition III: The Contributions
of Mpu Panuluh 
H. The East Javanese Figural Tradition IV: Mpu Dharmaja
and the Smaradahana 
I. Conclusion 
Notes on Editors and Contributors 

Index  

Gary Tubb, Yigal Bronner & David Shulman

Gary Tubb, Yigal Bronner & David Shulman

Gary Tubb, Yigal Bronner & David Shulman

Description

With a panoramic overview of South Asian classical literature, this book identifies critical moments of breakthrough and innovation in Sanskrit literature—moments when the basic rules of composition and the aesthetic and poetic goals underwent dramatic change. It contests the still prevalent notion that Sanskrit poetry was impervious to change and that it underwent decline after a supposed acme in the period of Kalidasa. The essays in this volume focus on extended moments of brilliant innovation within the kavya tradition, including the new poetic models put in place by Bharavi and Magha, the revolutionary period in Kannauj linked to Ba?a, his predecessors and his great successors, and the transformative work of poets of genius such as Bilha?a, Srihar?a, Rajasekhara, and Murari. It also examines the origins of kavya and the creative experiments with its forms and practices in early modern Hindi and, beyond the subcontinent, in Java and Tibet. 

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Table of contents

Acknowledgements 
I. Introduction 
by Yigal Bronner, David Shulman, and Gary Tubb
1. A. Asti kascid vag-vises.ah.
B. Awareness of Change 
C. What Is New about This Book 
II. Kalidasa and Early Classicism 
2. Waking Aja 
by David Shulman
A. Theme as Frame 
B. The Rhythms of Emptying 
C. On Repetition 
D. How Time Moves 
3. Baking Uma 
by Gary Tubb
A. Patterns of Innovation in the Mahakavya 
B. Kalidasa and Asvaghos.a: Common Origins and Contrasting Visions 
C. Prevailing Images in Kalidasa's Vision of Purity and Power 
4. On Beginnings: Introductions and Prefaces in Kavya
by Herman Tieken
A. Introduction 
B. Types of Beginnings 
C. The Storyteller in the Text and His Relationship to the External Author 
D. The Significance of the Absence of a Introduction in Mahakavya 
E. Kavya and Epic 
F. The Scribes' Background 
G. The Proliferation of Genres within the Kavya Tradition
H. The Preface 
I. Epilogue
III. The Developing Mahakavya
5. Pace and Pattern in the Kiratarjuniya 
by Peter Khoroche
A. Bharavi's Originality
B. Changes of Pace in Narration and Description
C. Characteristics of Bharavi's Style 
D. The Subject of the Poem 
6. The Conquest of Cool: Theology and Aesthetics in
Magha's Sisupalavadha 
by Lawrence McCrea
A. The Poetics of Inaction 
B. The Ideal of Emotional Restraint 
C. Literary Techniques and Aesthetic Objectives 
D. Conclusion 
7. Kavya with Bells On: Yamaka in the Sisupalavadha 
by Gary Tubb
A. Magha of the Bells 
B. Yamaka and the Problem of Citra 
C. Yamaka in the Mahakavya 
D. Magha's Yamakas 
E. Conclusion 
8. A Constant Flow of Pilgrims: Kavya and
the Early History of the Kakawin 
by Thomas M. Hunter
A. Introduction 
B. The Historical Setting 
C. The Glories of Temple Architecture and the
Metrical Inscription of 856 CE 
D. The Prehistory of the Kakawin 
E. Sabdala?kara in the Metrical Inscription of
856 CE and the Bha??ikavya 
F. Yamaka in the OJR: The Problem of Univocality 
G. Yamaka in the OJR: The Aesthetic Effects of
Doubling and Repetition 
H. Bha??i's Arthala?kara and the OJR 
IV. The Masters of Prose 
9. The Nail-Mark That Lit the Bedroom:
Biography of a Compound 
by Yigal Bronner
A. Introduction 
B. The Sanskrit Compound and the Problems
of Translation 
C. Score and Structure 
D. Sanskrit Compounds and the Ecosystem of Love 
E. Center and Periphery: Female Subjects and the Forces of Nature 
F. Conclusion 
10. Ba?a's Death in the Kadambari 
by Herman Tieken
A. Introduction 
B. His Father's Voice 
C. Speaking of Death 
D. Fathers and Sons 
E. Breaking the Rules of the Genre 
F. Ba?a's Genealogy 
G. Ba?a's Trademark 
H. Inventing One's Own Death 
11. Persons Compounded and Confounded:
A Reading of Ba?a's Kadambari 
by David Shulman
A. Introducing Kadambari 
B. Who's Who 
C. Sources, Models, Telos 
D. The Yoga of Syntax 
E. What Words Can Do 
F. I'm Still Me 
G. Disjunction as Resolution 
H. Conclusion 
12. On the Boldness of Ba?a 
by Gary Tubb
A. Ba?a's Benedictory Verses 
B. Anthology Verses: The Moonlight Sequence 
C. Verse Sequence: The Poor Traveler in Winter 
V. The Sons of Ba?a 
13. Something New in the Air: Abhinanda's Ramacarita and Its Ancestry
by Gary Tubb
A. Poetic Pedigrees 
B. Anthology Verses 
C. Abhinanda's Mahakavya 
D. Abhinanda's Meta-comments 
E. Conclusion 392
14. The Plays of Bhavabhuti 
by Gary Tubb
A. Bhavabhuti's Distinctive Use of Language
B. Constructive Progress in the Sequence of the Plays
C. The Intermingling of Aesthetic Theory and Emotional Description 
15. The Poetics of Perspective in Rajasekhara's
Young Ramaya?a
by Lawrence McCrea
A. The Centrality of Rava?a 
B. Spectacles and Spectators 
C. The View from Below
D. The View from Above 
16. Murari's Depths
by David Shulman
A. Introducing the Anargharaghava 
B. Polishing the Sun 
C. A Poet's Craft 
D. Moon-struck Rama 
E. A Kinematic Spectrum and the Murari Twist 
F. Conclusion 
VI. Poets of the New Millennium 
17. The Poetics of Ambivalence: Imagining and Unimagining
the Political in Bilha?a's Vikrama?kadevacarita 
by Yigal Bronner
A. Introduction: The Place of a Poet 
B. Setting the Right(?) Tone: Bilha?a's Introductory
Appeal to His Audiences 
C. On Thickening: Imagining the Political in the VDC
D. On Thinning: Unimagining the Political in the VDC
E. On Ambivalence: Bilha?a's Poetic Stance 
F. Afterlives and Afterthoughts: Bilha?a's Posthumous Career and Its Lessons 
18. Putting the Polish on the Poet's Efforts: Reading the
Kar?asundari as a Reflection on Poetic Creativity 
by Phyllis Granoff
A. The Play: Reading Beyond the Plot 
B. Creating the New and Improbable: The Poet's Task in the Kar?asundari 
C. Conclusion 
19. Shadows 
by Charles Malamoud
A. Chaya 
B. Se?a and Sle?a 
C. The King, the Earth, and the Cardinal Regions 
D. Sarasvati and Damayanti's Wisdom
E. Love's Shadow
20. Indian Kavya Poetry on the Far Side of the Himalayas: Translation, Transmission, Adaptation, Originality 
by Dan Martin
A. Introduction 
B. Early Kavya in Tibet: The Evidence of the Stotras 
C. Local Tibetan Poetry 
D. Kavya 's Tibetan Naturalization 
VII. Regional Kavyas 
21. Sakalya Malla's Telangana Ramaya?a : The Udararaghava 
by David Shulman
A. Spreading the News 
B. Poet and Wrestler
C. Telangana Sanskrit 
D. Playing with Aspect and Mode 
E. Radical Retelling 
22. The Classical Past in the Mughal Present:
The Brajbhasha Riti Tradition 
by Allison Busch
A. Literary Newness in Dialogue with Tradition 
B. New Directions in Indian Kavya : the Mancarit of Narottam Kavi 
C. The Self-presentation of the Orchha Court in
the Virsim. hdevcarit of Kesavdas 
D. Being Sub-imperial: Multilayered Cultural Identity in the Lalitlalam of Matiram Tripat?i 
E. Conclusion 
23. Poetry and Play in Kavikar?apura's Play Within the Play 
by Gary Tubb
A. Playing with Sounds: The Role of Yamakas 
B. Th e Renunciation of Yamakas 
C. Playing with Identities: The Role of Roleplayings
24. Modernity in Sanskrit? Viswanatha Satyanarayana's
Am?ta-sarmi??ham 
by Velcheru Narayana Rao
A. Viswanatha Satyanarayana: An Introduction 
B. Am?ta-sarmi??ham  : A Close Reading 
C. Modernity in Am?ta-sarmi??ham  
D. Minor Characters in the Play 
E. Sanskrit Drama in Performance 
25. A Distant Mirror: Innovation and Change in
the East Javanese Kakawin 
by Thomas M. Hunter
A. Introduction 
B. Not Vakrokti 
C. Processions: A Thematic Link between Asvagho?a, Kalidasa, and the Kakawin Poets 
D. Airlangga and the Dawn of the Classical Kakawin Style 
E. The East Javanese Figural Tradition 1: Mpu Ka?wa and
the Development of Techniques of Suggestion in
the East Javanese Kakawin 
F. The East Javanese Figural Tradition II: The Question of Rasa and the Bha?a Kakawin Form of the Lyrical Verse
G. The East Javanese Figural Tradition III: The Contributions
of Mpu Panuluh 
H. The East Javanese Figural Tradition IV: Mpu Dharmaja
and the Smaradahana 
I. Conclusion 
Notes on Editors and Contributors 

Index  

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